Lentic and Lotic

Lentic is an ecological adjective describing organisms or habitats situated in non-moving fresh water that includes ponds, swamps, bogs, lagoons, and lakes.

The opposite is lotic, which includes moving fresh water as in a run, creek, brook, spring, stream, channel, or river.

Water and Sand Dune Ecology

“The surface of the sand was moist and pockmarked from raindrops, but showed no other sign of the rainstorm just past. This was, indeed, a vivid object lesson in the absorbing capacities of sand dunes. Sand dunes are less arid than they appear; in fact, they are among the moistest of desert habitats. Like a sponge, dunes soak up every drop of rain that falls on them. No water runs off dunes, and since the top several inches of dry sand insulate moist sand beneath, little water evaporates. Even during hot, rainless summers, when the air temperature is 100F and the sand surface is 140F, the sand is cool and moist just six to twelve inches below the surface.” —Dune Country

Posted in Blog Posts, Memories of Blue, Pennsylvania

Summer School of Excellence

The summer after my junior year of high school, I participated in a regional learning program focused on biology in Erie, Pennsylvania. It included a substantial component of understanding and appreciating the ecosystem of Lake Erie.

In this life-changing two-week experience at Gannon University, we discovered the effects of pollution in our community generated by big international corporations who used our lakes and streams as toxic waste dumps. After a state of initial shock, we were left with residual sadness and a sense of responsibility to do something about it. Even though I didn’t pursue a career in environmental science, I remained curious about the health of the environment.

Today, I have more time, energy, and freedom to advocate for water conservation and preservation in a concerted way.

Pictured: Kyra Gray, Esther Chase, and Jeff Malek in 1996 at Gannon University in Erie, Pennsylvania. Full Article